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Ultrasound-assisted co-precipitation synthesis of GdFeO3 nanoparticles: structure, magnetic and MRI contrast properties

Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2022 Nov 25. doi: 10.1039/d2cp03688f. Online ahead of print.


Superparamagnetic nanocrystals of gadolinium orthoferrite (GdFeO3) with close to isometric morphology were successfully synthesized by heat treatment of gadolinium and iron(III) hydroxides obtained by direct co-precipitation with and without ultrasonic irradiation. The obtained samples were investigated by PXRD, low-temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm measurements, HRTEM and VSM. It was established that ultrasonication during co-precipitation led to a decrease in the average size of GdFeO3 crystallites obtained after heat treatment by approximately 19%, an increase in their BET specific surface area by more than two times, a decrease in the degree of their aggregation by about five times and an improvement in their magnetic properties due to the increase in phase homogeneity. The colloidal solutions of the GdFeO3 nanoparticles synthesized using ultrasound were investigated by 1H NMR to measure the T1 and T2 relaxation times of water protons at 0.47 T. The resulting relaxivities r1 and r2 were approximately recalculated at 1.5, 3 and 4.7 T on the basis of a semi-statistical ad hoc method by analyzing the literature data for a number of structurally similar compounds with reported relaxivity values at different NMR frequencies. According to the experimental and predicted values of the r2/r1 ratio, the investigated GdFeO3 sample may be classified as a T1-contrast agent for MRI at 0.47 and 1.5 T, as a T1T2 dual-modal contrast agent at 3 T and as a T2-contrast agent at 4.7 T.

PMID:36426648 | DOI:10.1039/d2cp03688f

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