Nevin Manimala Statistics

Macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thinning in eyes with prediabetes in the elderly population: OTASSHA study

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2022 Dec 1. doi: 10.1007/s00417-022-05925-x. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To investigate retinal thickness parameters in the elderly with prediabetes mellitus (preDM) and type 2 DM without retinopathy (non-diabetic retinopathy [NDR]).

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 1273 eyes without retinal pathologies of 699 volunteers aged ≥ 65 years were included. The eyes were categorized into non-DM (606 eyes), preDM (480 eyes), and NDR (187 eyes) groups according to their HbA1c levels. Fundus photography, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and comprehensive systemic examination were conducted. The thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer in the macula (mRNFL) and peripapillary (pRNFL), ganglion cell complex (GCC), and ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), as well as central subfield thickness (CST) and central foveal thickness (CFT) were investigated for their association with DM stage using linear mixed model.

RESULTS: A statistically significant thinning of mRNFL was observed in preDM vs. non-DM and in NDR vs. preDM in 3/6 sectors. A significant thinning of pRNFL was observed in preDM vs. non-DM and in NDR vs. preDM in 2/12 sectors. Such DM stage-dependent thinning of RNFL was observed mainly in the temporal and superior sectors. GCIPL and GCC were less sensitive to reflect DM-dependent inner retinal thinning. CST and CFT were not significantly associated with different DM stages.

CONCLUSION: The thinning of mRNFL in the temporal and superior sectors might be a sensitive parameter associated with early neurodegeneration in preDM and NDR.

PMID:36454323 | DOI:10.1007/s00417-022-05925-x

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala