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Comparison of peripheral extension, acquisition time, and image chromaticity of Optos, Clarus, and EIDON systems

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2022 Dec 2. doi: 10.1007/s00417-022-05923-z. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in acquisition time, peripheral extension, and chromaticity between 3 different commercialized ultra-wide-field (UWF) fundus cameras.

METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled from 07/2021 to 11/2021. Patients underwent fundus photography with the following scanning protocols: (1) single shot with Silverstone (Optos, California), two-shot montage with Clarus 500 (Carl Zeiss, Dublin, CA), and three-shot montage with iCare EIDON FA with UWF module (CenterVue Spa, a company of iCare Finland Oy; Vantaa, Finland). Acquisition time was calculated as the interval between the beginning and the end of the acquisition. Peripheral extension was quantified as the average ratio between the total retinal pixel area and the optic nerve head (ONH) pixel area. The average chromaticity of all pixels in the red-green-blue (RGB) space was calculated.

RESULTS: Twenty-three eyes of 13 prospectively enrolled healthy controls were included in the study. Optos Silverstone had a higher total retina area/ONH area ratio (509.1 [480.9;559.3]) compared to Zeiss Clarus (442.0 [431.9;510.5], p = 0.02) and iCare EIDON (369.7 [345.3;387.8], p < 0.0001). Silverstone demonstrated the shortest acquisition time (median [interquartile range]: 32 [20;58.5] s) compared to Zeiss Clarus (42 [28.5;53.5] s, p = 0.6733) and iCare EIDON (72 [68.5;78] s, p = 0.0003). iCare EIDON demonstrated the lowest variability of acquisition time (9.5 s), compared to Zeiss Clarus (25 s) and Optos Silverstone (38.5 s). A statistically significant difference was found in the RGB distribution between each of the 3 devices (p < 0.001). iCare EIDON demonstrated an average barycenter position (RGB = [0.412, 0.314, 0.275]) that represented the best color balance of the image. Zeiss Clarus had a noticeable red shift at the expense of the blue and green channels (RGB = [0.515, 0.294, 0.191]). Optos Silverstone showed an absence of the blue channel (RGB = [0.621, 0.372, 0.007]) which results in a distortion of the color of the image.

CONCLUSION: Optos Silverstone and Zeiss Clarus required less time than iCare EIDON to acquire a comparable size image and captured larger areas of the retina than iCare EIDON. iCare EIDON provided more color-balanced retinal images with greater richness of color content than the other two devices.

PMID:36456861 | DOI:10.1007/s00417-022-05923-z

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