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Did the general practice residents well adapt to real public health prevention –a study from the COVID-19 prevention training in China

BMC Med Educ. 2022 Dec 1;22(1):831. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03882-x.


OBJECT: GP residents’s has the obligation to take task with the public health prevetion. GP residents receive the public health training during their college study period and the residents training. The sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, highlight the importance and competence of the community prevention as the front line of epidemic prevention and control, pushing the general practitioner (GP) residents into the front team of epidemic prevention and control. Residents’ participation in epidemic prevention and control is not only a field workload participation in public health disease prevention and control, but also a rare and value-oriented training experience. This study aims to explores the research on the training content, ability improvement and cognitive load of the resident, and to demonstrate past and future training effects of epidemic prevention and control.

METHODS: Object cognitive load scale (NASA-TLX scale) and self-developed questionnaires were adopted to conduct a questionnaire survey on resident doctors who were in GP training program from West China Hospital of Sichuan University, and finally 190 questionnaires were collected. SPSS 23.0 statistical software for statistical analysis of data.

RESULT: Most indicators of cognitive load NASA scale are at a “moderate” level by the GP residents, generally indicating that the intensity of on-site epidemic prevention and control (training) can be tolerated. The chi-square test is used to study the status of “How responsible you are for epidemic prevention and control in a community in the future”, the residents grade shows no significant difference while ” how many months after the outbreak when you participated in the epidemic prevention” shows significant difference, the result show that GP residents already have konwledge and skills for the public health prevetion, they need more attitude and mental preparation. Continuing education will have a significant positive relationship with the GP residents’s confidence of the prevetion ofpublic health prevetion.

CONCLUSION: Former medical school education and training at the regulatory training stage have a good effect for residents to master the ability of epidemic prevention and control, and to prepare for the needs of epidemic prevention and control physically and mentally. After this stage, the epidemic prevention and control training under the real situation will make a great contribution to the self-assessment and performance improvement of the final general practitioners.

PMID:36456960 | DOI:10.1186/s12909-022-03882-x

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