J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2022 Dec 15. doi: 10.3233/BMR-220156. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: For the treatment of single-level lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD), oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) has clinical advantages. Whether internal fixation needs to be combined for treatment has been the subject of debate.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the early clinical effects of standalone oblique lateral interbody fusion (S-OLIF) versus OLIF combined with lateral screw fixation of the vertebral body (F-OLIF) on single-level lumbar DDD.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 34 patients for whom the OLIF technique was applied to treat single-level lumbar DDD from August 2018 to May 2021. Patients were divided into the S-OLIF (n= 18) and F-OLIF groups (n= 16). Intraoperative blood loss, operative time, and length of hospital stay were recorded. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) before and after the operation were evaluated. The disc height (DH), foraminal height (FH), fused segment lordosis (FSL), lumbar lordosis (LL), cage subsidence, and fusion by CT examination were measured before and after the operation.
RESULTS: The S-OLIF group experienced a shorter operative time and less intraoperative blood loss than the F-OLIF group, and the differences were statistically significant (p< 0.05), but the difference in the length of hospital stay was not statistically significant. The postoperative VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly lower than those before the operation, but the postoperative differences between the two groups were not statistically significant. Differences were not statistically significant in postoperative FH, DH, FSL and LL of the two groups. Both groups were followed up for no less than 12 months. In the two groups, fusion was achieved at the last follow-up visit.
CONCLUSION: According to short-term follow-up results, both S-OLIF and F-OLIF can achieve reliable and stable fusion and good clinical effect in the treatment of single-level lumbar DDD.