Vaccine. 2022 Dec 22:S0264-410X(22)01531-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.12.017. Online ahead of print.
Despite the widespread effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on the overall incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease, the global epidemiological landscape continues to be transformed by residual disease from non-vaccine serotypes, thus highlighting the need for vaccines with expanded disease coverage. To address these needs, we have developed V116,an investigational 21-valent non-adjuvanted pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV),containingpneumococcal polysaccharides (PnPs) 3, 6A, 7F, 8, 9N, 10A, 11A,12F, 15A, 16F, 17F, 19A, 20, 22F, 23A, 23B, 24F, 31, 33F, 35B, anda de-O-acetylated 15B(deOAc15B) individually conjugated to the nontoxic diphtheria toxoid CRM197 carrier protein. Preclinical studies evaluated the immunogenicity of V116 inadult monkeys, rabbits, and mice. Following one dose, V116 was found to be immunogenic in preclinical animal species and induced functional antibodies for all serotypes included in the vaccine, in addition to cross-reactive functional antibodies to serotypes 6C and 15B. In these preclinical animal studies, the increased valency of V116 did not result in serotype-specific antibody suppression when compared to lower valent vaccines V114 or PCV13. In addition, when compared with naïve controls, splenocytes from V116 to immunized animals demonstrated significant induction of CRM197-specific T cells in both IFN-γ and IL-4 ELISPOT assays, as well as Th1 and Th2 cytokine induction through in vitro stimulation assays, thus suggesting the ability of V116 to engage T cell dependent immune response pathways to aid in development of memory B cells. V116 also demonstrated significant protection in mice from intratracheal challenge with serotype 24F, a novel serotype not contained in any currently licensed vaccine.