Sleep Breath. 2022 Dec 26. doi: 10.1007/s11325-022-02766-0. Online ahead of print.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity of the Multivariable Apnea Prediction (MAP) index for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pre- and post-menopausal women with the goal of developing a tailored scoring classification approach.
METHODS: Data from two studies (N = 386); the diabetes sleep treatment trial (N = 236) and EMPOWER (N = 150) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the MAP index by comparing men (n = 129) to women (n = 257), and premenopausal (n = 100) to post-menopausal women (n = 136). We evaluated participants at two cut points, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values of ≥ 5 and ≥ 10, using 0.5 as a predicted probability cut point to establish baseline sensitivity and specificity. Contingency tables and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were conducted to evaluate the accuracy of the MAP index in predicting OSA in men versus women, and in pre-versus post-menopausal women. To select optimal predicted probabilities for classification by sex and menopausal status, Youden’s J statistic was generated from ROC coordinates.
RESULTS: The MAP index was more sensitive to women in the AHI ≥ 5 group (76%) compared to AHI ≥ 10 group (30%). Among post-menopausal women with AHI ≥ 5, sensitivity was similar to men (98%), but less than men when AHI ≥ 10 (32%). Suggested probability cut points for women with an AHI ≥ 10 are 0.24 overall; 0.15 for premenopausal, and 0.38 for postmenopausal women.
CONCLUSIONS: Because women’s risk for OSA (AHI ≥ 10) was underestimated by the MAP index, we suggest the use of tailored cut points based on sex and menopausal status or assessing for OSA risk with an AHI of ≥ 5.