Nevin Manimala Statistics

Syrian medical students’ acceptance of peer physical examination and its associating factors: a cross-sectional study

BMC Med Educ. 2022 Dec 28;22(1):898. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03985-5.


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the acceptance of Peer Physical Examination (PPE) in middle Eastern society with its associate factors, and PPE acceptance during Covid-19 pandemic. The acceptance of PPE is considered high in multiple studies carried out in the west, but there were nearly no studies investigating the acceptance of PPE in the middle east or low-income countries.

METHODS: A questionnaire was shared through social media with students with focus on clinical-year students. A total number of 657 medical students were collected with a 74.5% response rate. The questionnaire gathered demographic information and recorded previous experience of PPE. A 5-point-likert scale was used to assess acceptance of PPE, factors affecting it, and the influence of COVID-19 pandemic. It also considered body’s areas students would accept to be examined. Associations between participants’ demographic and other details were tested using independent-samples T Test and other tests, and a p-value of < 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS: Eighty percent of medical students accepted PPE, while 3% did not, and 17% were neutral. Males had statistically significantly higher acceptance rates of PPE (M = 3.94 out of 5). Also, females had lower acceptance of being examined by other gender than males but did not mind examining other gender. Furthermore, the groin area (thigh) was the most rejected area for examination (20% only accept it), followed by the breast (23%). There was no statistically significant difference between different Universities groups or between different academic performance groups, finally there was statistically significant effect of religion and society on acceptance of PPE and religion has affected females more than males (p- value = 0.002). 70.8% of students supported PPE during the COVID-19 pandemic, while 6.8% did not, and 22.4% were neutral. There was not a significant difference in acceptance and supporting of PPE during the COVID-19 pandemic between males and females.

CONCLUSIONS: With an 80% acceptance rate, PPE represents an effective alternative to the absent life models in Syrian universities. The application of PPE is less likely to go without difficulties, but authors suggest the presence of a supervisor and single-gender groups with friends paired together if possible.

PMID:36578027 | DOI:10.1186/s12909-022-03985-5

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