Plast Reconstr Surg. 2023 Jan 2. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000010127. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Following the reopening of elective surgery, our division transitioned from inpatient admission to same-day discharge for immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction in an effort to decrease the hospital’s clinical burden and minimize potential COVID-19 exposure. This study aims to compare complication rates following this acute transition for patients who had inpatient and outpatient mastectomy with immediate alloplastic reconstruction.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent mastectomy with immediate prosthetic reconstruction. The outcome of interest was 30-day morbidity. Descriptive statistics were compared for patients with outpatient and inpatient surgeries. Odds ratios were calculated to determine whether any pre-operative factors increased odds of 30-day complications.
RESULTS: A total of 115 patients were included in this study. Twenty-six patients had outpatient surgery and 89 stayed inpatient postoperatively. Same-day discharge did not significantly impact the odds of having one or more 30-day complications (OR: 0.275, 95% CI: 0.047-1.618, p = 0.153). Patients with complications had significantly longer median operating times (5.0, IQR 4.0 – 6.0 vs. 4.0, IQR 3.0 – 5.0, p = 0.05), and there was a statistically significant association between length of surgery and odds of complication (OR: 1.596, 95% CI: 1.039-2.451, p = 0.033). Age was independently associated with increased risk of 30-day complication (OR: 1.062, 95% CI: 1.010-1.117, p = 0.020).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support a continuation of same-day discharge strategy which could decrease costs for patients and hospitals without increasing complications.