BMC Oral Health. 2022 Dec 31;22(1):661. doi: 10.1186/s12903-022-02562-y.
BACKGROUND: This study aims at identifying the microbiota in traumatized immature permanent teeth with periapical lesions using Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).
METHODS: The study included 16 immature maxillary central incisors with periapical lesions in 13 patients. Field decontamination and negative control samples were performed before and after access cavity preparation. Root canal samples were taken using sterile stainless-steel hand files following field decontamination. In-office inoculation and pure sub-cultures were performed. Bacterial isolates were prepared for MALDI-TOF MS (Bruker, Billerica, MA USA) analysis using the formic acid extraction method. A comparison of the prevalence of isolated microorganisms was done using a one-sample chi-square test. Comparisons between identified microbial species with the, cone beam computed tomography periapical index (CBCT PAI) scores and lesion volume were also conducted. The Chi-square test was applied to investigate the association between the categorical variables .
RESULTS: Out of the forty isolates recovered from the 16 traumatized teeth included in the present study with the mean patients’ age of 10.93 ± 1.77, 37 isolates were reliably identified by MALDI-TOF MS. Twelve teeth (62.5%) were polymicrobial. The recovered bacteria belonged to five phyla, 15 genera and 25 species. Firmicutes were the predominant phylum (P < 0.001) over Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria. Gram positive bacteria were significantly more prevalent than Gram negative (p = 0.03). Facultative anaerobes were the most prevalent (P < 0.001) compared to the obligate anaerobes and the obligate aerobes. The latter were the least prevalent. Statistically, significant differences existed in the comparison between CBCT PAI scores according to bacterial gram staining.
CONCLUSION: Traumatized immature permanent teeth with periapical lesions showed a significant predominance of Gram-positive facultative anaerobes. MALDI-TOF MS provided accurate identification of numerous viable endodontic microbes.