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Clinical study on the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures with single plane screw percutaneous internal fixation

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2022 Dec;26(24):9187-9194. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202212_30670.


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical effect of single plane screw percutaneous internal fixation in the treatment of simple thoracolumbar fractures.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects of this study were 84 patients with simple thoracolumbar fractures treated in our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020. The patients were grouped by different treatment methods (42 cases in each group). The single plane group was treated by percutaneous single plane screw internal fixation and the universal group was treated with percutaneous universal screw. The surgery completion status and the incidence of complications were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) of the two groups were recorded before the surgery, 3 days after the surgery, and 7 days after the surgery. The anterior edge height ratio of the fractured vertebra and the kyphotic Cobb angle were marked before the surgery, immediately after the operation, and at the last follow-up.

RESULTS: Difference between groups in surgery time, blood loss and hospital stay was not statistically significant (p>0.05); the single plane group had a substantially lower incidence of complications than the universal group (p<0.05). At the last follow-up, the single plane group had greatly higher anterior edge height ratio of the injured vertebra than the universal group, while kyphotic Cobb angle was greatly higher in the universal group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Both single plane screw and universal screw percutaneous internal fixation were feasible for the treatment of simple thoracolumbar fractures, but single plane screw showed better vertebral height recovery and kyphosis correction effect, which could reduce postoperative correction loss.

PMID:36591861 | DOI:10.26355/eurrev_202212_30670

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