J Pediatr Orthop B. 2022 Dec 16. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000001045. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Patients with a diagnosis of arthrogryposis often present with various orthopedic conditions, one of which is congenital vertical talus (CVT). This is the first study of this specific subset of syndromic patients to evaluate the medium-term outcomes of CVT correction using the minimally invasive Dobbs method.
METHODS: All patients with vertical talus and distal arthrogryposis who received treatment at our institution between January 2006 and June 2021 were identified. Radiographs, clinical notes and Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores (when available) were retrospectively reviewed. An alpha of 0.05 was used for all statistical analyses.
RESULTS: In total 12 patients (19 feet) met all inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. By the time of the most recent visit, the average lateral Talar-Axis First Metatarsal Base Angle of the entire cohort increased from 13.73 ± 9.75 degrees 2 weeks postoperatively to 28.75 ± 23.73 degrees (P = 0.0076). Radiographic recurrence of the talonavicular deformity was seen in nine feet (47.4%), 4 (21.1%) of which required additional unplanned surgery, The average PROMIS scores of the entire cohort in the pain interference, mobility and peer relationship domains were 48.97 ± 9.56, 47.9 ± 11.60 and 52.87 ± 8.31, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Despite a higher radiographic recurrence rate of talonavicular deformity in this specific subset of syndromic patients, these patients still report PROMIS scores near the population average in the pain interference, mobility and peer relationships domains. We believe that the minimally invasive Dobbs method should be recommended as the first-line treatment method for these patients. Level of evidence: Level III.