Gen Dent. 2023 Jan-Feb;71(1):44-49.
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of nanofilled composite resin restorations in traumatized, endodontically treated maxillary incisors with structural loss of 40% or less. The performance of the restorations was assessed in terms of longevity (survival) and esthetics (success) over a 20-month period. The secondary objective was to employ a novel digital method to quantify preoperative tooth structure loss. Sixty-one fractured maxillary incisors in 55 patients were included in the study. The teeth were photographed with a digital single-lens reflex camera equipped with a macro ring flash. The amount of lost tooth structure was calculated with digital photography software. The teeth were restored with a nanohybrid composite resin and self-etching adhesive system bonding agent. To assess esthetics, color change in the blue-yellow axis (Δb*) of the composite resin restoration was evaluated digitally with the Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (CIE) L*a*b color system. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to assess Δb*, and a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to assess the longevity of the restorations. The study findings showed a statistically significant difference between pretreatment and posttreatment b* values (P < 0.05), but the difference was too small to be clinically perceptible to the human eye. A total of 5 restorations (9.8%) failed. The remaining restorations survived for a mean (SD) period of 18.6 (4.4) months. The log-rank test did not show any significant association between the amount of residual tooth structure and success of the restoration. The results of this study showed that use of direct composite resin restorations in endodontically treated maxillary incisors resulted in acceptable survival and success rates. Trial registration: Clinical Trial Registry of India No. CTRI/2020/01/023019.