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Contribution of genotypes in Prothrombin and Factor V Leiden to COVID-19 and disease severity in patients at high risk for hereditary thrombophilia

J Med Virol. 2023 Jan 4. doi: 10.1002/jmv.28457. Online ahead of print.


AIM: Thrombotic and microangiopathic effects have been reported in COVID-19 patients. This study examined the contribution of the hereditary thrombophilia factors Prothrombin (FII) and Factor V Leiden (FVL) genotypes to the severity of COVID-19 disease and the development of thrombosis.

METHODS: This study investigated FII and FVL alleles in a cohort of 9508 patients (2606 male and 6902 female) with thrombophilia. It was observed that 930 of these patients had been infected by SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19. The demographic characteristics of the patients and their COVID-19 medical history were recorded. Detailed clinical manifestations were analyzed in a subset of cases (n=4092). This subgroup was age and gender matched. FII and FVL frequency data of healthy populations without thrombophilia risk were obtained from Bursa Uludag University Medical Genetic Department’s Exome Databank.

RESULTS: The ratio of males (31.08%; 27.01%) and the mean age (36.85±15.20; 33.89±14.14) were higher among COVID-19 patients compared to non-COVID-19 patients. The prevalence of FVL and computerized tomography (CT) positivity in COVID-19 patients was statistically significant in the thrombotic subgroup (p<0.05). FVL prevalence, CT positivity rate, history of thrombosis, and Pulmonary thromboembolism complication were found to be higher in deceased COVID-19 patients (p<0.05). Disease severity was mainly affected by Factor V Leiden and not related to genotypes at the Prothrombin mutations.

CONCLUSION: Overall, disease severity and development of thrombosis in COVID-19 are mainly affected by the variation within the FVL gene. Possible FVL mutation should be investigated in COVID-19 patients and appropriate treatment should be started earlier in FVL-positive patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:36597901 | DOI:10.1002/jmv.28457

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