Nevin Manimala Statistics

External validation and update of the J-ACCESS model in an Italian cohort of patients undergoing stress myocardial perfusion imaging

J Nucl Cardiol. 2023 Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s12350-022-03173-4. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk models are based on traditional risk factors and investigations such as imaging tests. External validation is important to determine reproducibility and generalizability of a prediction model. We performed an external validation of t the Japanese Assessment of Cardiac Events and Survival Study by Quantitative Gated SPECT (J-ACCESS) model, developed from a cohort of patients undergoing stress myocardial perfusion imaging.

METHODS: We included 3623 patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease undergoing stress single-photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging at our academic center between January 2001 and December 2019.

RESULTS: In our study population, the J-ACCESS model underestimated the risk of major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and severe heart failure requiring hospitalization) within three-year follow-up. The recalibrations and updated of the model slightly improved the initial performance: C-statistics increased from 0.664 to 0.666 and Brier score decreased from 0.075 to 0.073. Hosmer-Lemeshow test indicated a logistic regression fit only for the calibration slope (P = .45) and updated model (P = .22). In the update model, the intercept, diabetes, and severity of myocardial perfusion defects categorized coefficients were comparable with J-ACCESS.

CONCLUSION: The external validation of the J-ACCESS model as well as recalibration models have a limited value for predicting of three-year major adverse cardiac events in our patients. The performance in predicting risk of the updated model resulted superimposable to the calibration slope model.

PMID:36598749 | DOI:10.1007/s12350-022-03173-4

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