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Independent risk factor for surgical site infection after orthopedic surgery

Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Dec 30;101(52):e32429. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000032429.


No significant progress has been made in the study of orthopedic surgical site infection (SSI) after different orthopedic surgery, and the analysis and prevention of risk factors for orthopedic SSI urgently need to be solved. A total of 154 patients underwent orthopedic surgery from April 2018 to December 2020. General information such as gender, age, marriage, diagnosis, surgical site, and anesthesia method was recorded. Statistical methods included Pearson chi-square test, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Based on Pearson’s chi-square test, sex (P = .005), age (P = .027), marriage (P = .000), diagnosis (P = .034), and surgical site (P = .000) were significantly associated with SSI after orthopedic surgery. However, in the multiple linear regression analysis, only the surgical site (P = .035) was significantly associated with SSI after orthopedic surgery. In terms of multivariate logistic regression level, surgical site (odds ratio [OR] = 1.568, P = .039) was significantly associated with SSI. ROC curves were constructed to determine the effect of the surgical site on SSI after different orthopedic surgery (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.577, 95% CI = 0.487-0.0.666). In summary, the surgical site is an independent risk factor for SSI after orthopedic surgery, and “trauma” is more likely to develop SSI than spine, arthrosis, and others.

PMID:36596026 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000032429

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