Med Biol Eng Comput. 2023 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s11517-022-02764-0. Online ahead of print.
The multichannel objective response detection (MORD) techniques are statistical methods, which use information from more than one electroencephalography (EEG) channel, to infer the presence of evoked potential. However, the correlation level between the channels can lead to a decrease in MORD performance, such as an increase in the false positive (FP) rate and/or a decrease in the detection rate (DR). The present study aims to propose a method to deal with the correlations in the multichannel EEG. The method consists of making an adjustment in the Monte Carlo simulation, considering the information between channels. The MORD techniques with and without the new method were applied to an auditory steady-state response (ASSR) database, composed of the EEG multichannel of eleven volunteers during multifrequency stimulation. The proposed method kept the FP rate at values equal to or less than the significance level of the test and led to an increase of 8.51% in the DR in relation to non-application of the method. Results of this study indicate that the proposed method is an alternative to deal with the effect of the correlation between channels in situations where MORD techniques are applied.