Nevin Manimala Statistics

Acceleration of knee magnetic resonance imaging using a combination of compressed sensing and commercially available deep learning reconstruction: a preliminary study

BMC Med Imaging. 2023 Jan 9;23(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12880-023-00962-2.


PURPOSE: To evaluate whether deep learning reconstruction (DLR) accelerates the acquisition of 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) knee data without image deterioration.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one healthy volunteers underwent MRI of the right knee on a 1.5-T MRI scanner. Proton-density-weighted images with one or four numbers of signal averages (NSAs) were obtained via compressed sensing, and DLR was applied to the images with 1 NSA to obtain 1NSA-DLR images. The 1NSA-DLR and 4NSA images were compared objectively (by deriving the signal-to-noise ratios of the lateral and the medial menisci and the contrast-to-noise ratios of the lateral and the medial menisci and articular cartilages) and subjectively (in terms of the visibility of the anterior cruciate ligament, the medial collateral ligament, the medial and lateral menisci, and bone) and in terms of image noise, artifacts, and overall diagnostic acceptability. The paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used for statistical analyses.

RESULTS: The 1NSA-DLR images were obtained within 100 s. The signal-to-noise ratios (lateral: 3.27 ± 0.30 vs. 1.90 ± 0.13, medial: 2.71 ± 0.24 vs. 1.80 ± 0.15, both p < 0.001) and contrast-to-noise ratios (lateral: 2.61 ± 0.51 vs. 2.18 ± 0.58, medial 2.19 ± 0.32 vs. 1.97 ± 0.36, both p < 0.001) were significantly higher for 1NSA-DLR than 4NSA images. Subjectively, all anatomical structures (except bone) were significantly clearer on the 1NSA-DLR than on the 4NSA images. Also, in the former images, the noise was lower, and the overall diagnostic acceptability was higher.

CONCLUSION: Compared with the 4NSA images, the 1NSA-DLR images exhibited less noise, higher overall image quality, and allowed more precise visualization of the menisci and ligaments.

PMID:36624404 | DOI:10.1186/s12880-023-00962-2

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