Nevin Manimala Statistics

Dentine thickness in maxillary fused molars depends on the fusion type: An ex vivo micro-CT study

Int Endod J. 2023 Jan 13. doi: 10.1111/iej.13891. Online ahead of print.


AIM: The present study aimed to determine and compare the dentine thickness around the root canals of maxillary molars with fusion using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).

METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 fused maxillary molars having more than a single canal with distinct canal orifices near the cementoenamel junction were selected from a pool of extracted maxillary molars, which were scanned on a micro-CT device (SkyScan 1172, Bruker-microCT, Kontich, Belgium). The minimum dentine thickness around the root canals in furcal direction was measured using CTAn software (v.1.18.8 Bruker-microCT) at each millimetre. The specimens were grouped according to their fusion type, and dentine thickness around the canals was compared. The data were statistically analysed using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey-Kramer tests following an assessment of the normality of their distribution with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (p .05).

RESULTS: Dentine thickness showed a statistically significant decrease at 2 mm below the orifice irrespective of fusion type. The minimum dentine thickness values were detected around the second mesiobuccal canal as 0.30 mm at 6 mm below orifice. Dentine thickness around the mesiobuccal canal significantly greater in fusion type 1 than those of types 2 and 3 (p < .05), while those of distobuccal and palatal canals were significantly thinner in type 3 fusion compared to type 1 or 6 (p < .05).

CONCLUSION: Minimum dentine thickness values at the danger zone of distobuccal and palatal canals change according to the fusion type in fused maxillary second molars.

PMID:36637890 | DOI:10.1111/iej.13891

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala