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Outcomes of Filipinos with inflammatory rheumatic diseases developing COVID-19 prior to vaccinations and new variants: a historical perspective

Clin Rheumatol. 2023 Jan 13. doi: 10.1007/s10067-023-06507-w. Online ahead of print.


We described the profile and outcome of Filipino patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs) who developed COVID-19 (IRD-C19) during the onset of the pandemic, prior to vaccinations and variants. We obtained de-identified data of Filipino patients with IRD-C19 from the Global Rheumatology Alliance registry from March 2020 to August 2021. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses were applied. Registered were 164 patients (mean age 44 years; 70% female). The most common IRDs were systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, 41.4%), rheumatoid arthritis (RA, 15.2%), and gout (14.6%). Majority were receiving conventional DMARDs (59.1%) and/or glucocorticoid therapy (GC, 51.2%). Half (58.5%) were hospitalized, with risk higher in active IRD (OR 3.7), heart disease (8.52), and hypertension (8.73); and lower in SLE patients (0.15). Among hospitalized patients, 76% needed supplemental oxygen. Heart disease (6.28), hypertension (7.6), and moderate-to-high IRD activity (3.37) were associated with higher odds of requiring oxygen supplementation. Hypertension was associated with mechanical ventilation (8.23). Twenty-four (15%) patients died, with odds lower if on prednisone ≥ 10 mg/day (0.17) and with other autoimmune IRDs aside from SLE and RA (0.05). Among patients with IRD-C19 prior to vaccinations and variants, higher disease activity, hypertension, and heart disease were associated with poorer outcomes. Prednisone ≥ 10 mg/day was associated with lower odds of death. This study provides valuable historical information, emphasizing the need for continued data collection to clarify COVID-19’s impact.

PMID:36637634 | DOI:10.1007/s10067-023-06507-w

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