J Tradit Chin Med. 2023 Feb;43(1):168-174. doi: 10.19852/j.cnki.jtcm.2023.01.014.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the Doppler ultrasound blood flow of Renying (carotid artery) pulse, Cunkou (radial artery) pulse, and Fuyang (anterior tibial artery) pulse in the normal group and the functional constipation with gastrointestinal heat (FCGH) group, and to compare and explore the differences of Renying, Cunkou and Fuyang pulses.
METHODS: Sixty normal subjects and 60 patients with gastrointestinal heat constipation were collected in the department of ultrasound, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University. Doppler ultrasound was used to observe the blood flow indexes including maximum systolic velocity (Vp), maximum diastolic velocity (Vd), mean velocity (Vm), pulse index (PI), resistance index (RI), vascular diameter (D), and circulation blood flow cycle (ET) of Renying pulse, Cunkou pulse and Fuyang pulse in the normal group and patients with gastrointestinal heat constipation. The differences of these three pulses were compared between the normal group and the FCGH group.
RESULTS: The PI, Vp, Vm, RI, and D of the three pulses in the normal group were statistically significant different ( < 0.01). In the comparison of Doppler flow diagram of three pulses in the FCGH group, there were significant differences in PI, Vd, Vp, Vm, RI, and D ( < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Under normal conditions, the indexes of Renying pulse Doppler flow diagram, Cunkou pulse Doppler flow diagram, and Fuyang pulse Doppler flow diagram are significantly different. In the FCGH group, most of the indexes of Renying pulse Doppler flow diagram, Cunkou pulse Doppler flow diagram, and Fuyang pulse Doppler flow diagram are different. This result verified the necessity of simultaneous examinations of all Renying, Cunkou, and Fuyang pulses in modern Chinese medicine.