Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2022 Nov 17:S0939-4753(22)00459-8. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2022.11.016. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The visceral adiposity index (VAI), a gender-specific surrogate maker of adipose tissue distribution and function, is associated with risk of hyperuricemia. However, the impact of time-burden of abnormal VAI and its components on the risk of hyperuricemia remains unknown.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 56,537 participants without hyperuricemia and underwent two health examinations during 2006-2008 from the Kailuan study. Abnormal VAI burdens were evaluated as follows: (1) cumulative number of abnormal VAI presented at each examination (0-2 times); (2) cumulative number of each abnormal VAI component presented at each examination (0-2 times per component); (3) cumulative number of total abnormal VAI components presented at each examination (0-8 times). During a median follow-up of 8.81 years, 10,762 participants were diagnosed with hyperuricemia. The risk of hyperuricemia showed a positive association with cumulative number of abnormal VAI, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2 times compared to 0 times was 1.69 (1.58-1.81). All four components of abnormal VAI, when diagnosed repeatedly, were independently associated with an increased risk of hyperuricemia, adjusted HR (95% CI) from 1.15 (1.02-1.28) for low high-density lipoprotein to 1.68 (1.58-1.79) for elevated triglyceride. The risk of hyperuricemia also gradually as abnormal components was accumulated from 0 to 8 counts, reaching an adjusted HR (95% CI) of 3.72 (2.64-5.23). Furthermore, the effect of cumulative abnormal VAI was more pronounced in females than males (P-interaction < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative abnormal VAI burdens were positively associated with the risk of hyperuricemia, especially in females.