Nevin Manimala Statistics

Bone age assessment: Large-scale comparison of Greulich-Pyle method and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 method for Taiwanese children

J Chin Med Assoc. 2023 Feb 1;86(2):246-253. doi: 10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000854. Epub 2023 Jan 18.


BACKGROUND: The Greulich-Pyle (GP) and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 (TW3) methods are two common methods for assessing bone age (BA). The applicability of these methods for populations other than those in the United States and Europe has been questioned. Thus, this study tested the applicability of these methods for Taiwanese children.

METHODS: In total, 1476 radiographs (654 boys, 822 girls) were analyzed. A subset of 200 radiographs was evaluated to determine intrarater and interrater reliability and the time required to yield a BA assessment. BA was determined by two reviewers using the GP method and two of the TW3 methods (the Radial-Ulnar-Short bones [RUS] method and the carpals method [Carpal]). The GP and TW3 methods were directly compared using statistical techniques. A subgroup analysis by age was performed to compare BA and chronological age using a paired t test for each age group.

RESULTS: The average times required to yield an assessment using the GP and TW3-RUS methods were 0.79 ± 0.14 and 3.01 ± 0.84 min (p < 0.001), respectively. Both the intrarater and interrater correlation coefficients were higher for the GP method (0.993, 0.992) than the TW3-RUS (0.985, 0.984) and TW3-Carpal (0.981, 0.973) methods. The correlation coefficient for the GP and TW3-RUS methods was highest in the pubertal stage (0.898 for boys and 0.909 for girls). The mean absolute deviations for the GP and TW3-RUS methods in the pubertal stage were 0.468 years (boys) and 0.496 years (girls). Both the GP and TW3-Carpal methods underestimated BA for boys in the prepubertal stage. Both the GP and TW3-RUS methods overestimated BA for girls in the pubertal and postpubertal stages.

CONCLUSION: The GP and TW3-RUS methods exhibit strong agreement in the pubertal and postpubertal stages for both sexes. With appropriate adjustments based on Taiwanese data, both methods are applicable to our children.

PMID:36652571 | DOI:10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000854

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