Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2023 Jan 19. doi: 10.1007/s00402-023-04773-6. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: Although the survival rate of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients treated with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is not as favorable as that in patients treated with primary TKA without ligament reconstruction, the exact survival rates and complications associated with these procedures are still controversial. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to compare the revision rates of TKA in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) with a previous ACLR and those of patients with primary TKA with no history of knee surgery by using propensity score matching analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A list of patients who underwent TKA from January 1, 2008 to May 31, 2019 was obtained from the Korean National Health Insurance database. Among these, 460 patients underwent TKA in a knee with a previous ACLR and 569,766 patients who underwent primary TKA due to degenerative OA. We performed propensity scoring matching to compare the revision rates including septic revision due to prosthetic joint infection after TKA and perioperative complication rates within 90 days after revision TKA between the two groups.
RESULTS: Matched patients were assigned to one of the two groups (group A: 2,201 patients who underwent TKA due to primary OA, group B: 448 patients who underwent TKA in a knee with a previous ACLR) based on the propensity score. The total number of revisions per 1000 person-years was significantly higher in group B than in group A (10.16 vs 4.66, respectively). Group B showed a higher risk of revision than group A at 10 years post-TKA (hazard ratio: 2.49, 95% confidence interval: 1.30-4.77). However, group B showed a similar risk of septic revision as group A (p = 0.44). Perioperative complications within 90 days after TKA showed no significant differences between the groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons should be aware of the relatively higher revision rate of TKA in patients who had previously undergone an ACLR compared to that in patients who underwent primary TKA.