Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2023 Jan 21. doi: 10.1007/s00417-022-05914-0. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: The following is a comparative analysis on the treatment outcomes of corneal perforations using amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) or penetrating keratoplasty (PK).
METHODS: This monocentric retrospective study was performed at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Ulm, Germany. A total of 78 eyes of 78 patients were included. Thirty-nine eyes received an AMT, and 39 patients were treated with a PK. Primary outcome was recurrence of perforation. Secondary outcomes were patient mortality and visual acuity.
RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was observed with regard to a recurrence of perforation between the two groups (26% in AMT vs 23% in PK, p > 0.99). The time of recurrences was within the first two years and did not differ statistically (p = 0.97). In addition, a proportional hazards model with cox regression regarding recurrent perforation showed no significant differences (p = 0.5). After AMT, 41% and after KP, 28% of the patients died during follow-up (p = 0.2), respectively. The Charlson Comorbidity Index (p < 0.0001) and the age at the time of surgery (p = 0.0002) were statistically significantly higher in those who were deceased. A mean follow-up of 485 ± 517 days was recorded.
CONCLUSION: Both surgical methods show good results and no statistically significant difference regarding recurrent perforation rate. About a third of the patients died during the follow-up period. The decision regarding the appropriate method should therefore be based on a combination of all factors.