Front Med Technol. 2023 Jan 4;4:1007708. doi: 10.3389/fmedt.2022.1007708. eCollection 2022.
INTRODUCTION: Artificial intelligence and data-driven predictive modeling have become increasingly common tools integrated in clinical practice, heralding a new chapter of medicine in the digital era. While these techniques are poised to affect nearly all aspects of medicine, medical education as an institution has languished behind; this has raised concerns that the current training infrastructure is not adequately preparing future physicians for this changing clinical landscape. Our institution attempted to ameliorate this by implementing a novel artificial intelligence in radiology curriculum, “AI-RADS,” in two different educational formats: a 7-month lecture series and a one-day workshop intensive.
METHODS: The curriculum was structured around foundational algorithms within artificial intelligence. As most residents have little computer science training, algorithms were initially presented as a series of simple observations around a relatable problem (e.g., fraud detection, movie recommendations, etc.). These observations were later re-framed to illustrate how a machine could apply the underlying concepts to perform clinically relevant tasks in the practice of radiology. Secondary lessons in basic computing, such as data representation/abstraction, were integrated as well. The lessons were ordered such that these algorithms were logical extensions of each other. The 7-month curriculum consisted of seven lectures paired with seven journal clubs, resulting in an AI-focused session every two weeks. The workshop consisted of six hours of content modified for the condensed format, with a final integrative activity.
RESULTS: Both formats of the AI-RADS curriculum were well received by learners, with the 7-month version and workshop garnering 9.8/10 and 4.3/5 ratings, respectively, for overall satisfaction. In both, there were increases in perceived understanding of artificial intelligence. In the 7-lecture course, 6/7 lectures achieved statistically significant (P < 0.02) differences, with the final lecture approaching significance (P = 0.07). In the one-day workshop, there was a significant increase in perceived understanding (P = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: As artificial intelligence becomes further enmeshed in clinical practice, it will become critical for physicians to have a basic understanding of how these tools work. Our AI-RADS curriculum demonstrates that it is successful in increasing learner perceived understanding in both an extended and condensed format.