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Interdialytic weight gain is not associated with symptoms of depression or apathy in patients on chronic hemodialysis

Int Urol Nephrol. 2023 Jan 23. doi: 10.1007/s11255-023-03473-9. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Little is known about the relationships between apathy, depressive symptoms and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Aim of the present study is to investigate the association between IDWG and symptoms of depression and apathy in hemodialysis patients.

METHODS: A total of 139 chronic patients of the HD units between January 2020 and December 2021 were included in the present cross-sectional study. IDWG was calculated as the difference between the pre-HD weight and the weight registered after the previous session; the average of the sessions in a month was registered. Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) was adopted to evaluate apathy. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).

RESULTS: Ninety-three patients had IDWG% ≤ 4 and 46 had an IDWG% > 4. Correlation between IDWG% and BDI as well that between IDWG% and AES were not statistically significant. Median BDI and mean AES did not differ significantly between the groups. In addition, 104 patients had a BDI < 16 and 35 had a BDI ≥ 6. Seventy-five patients had an AES score ≤ 35 and 63 had a AES score > 35. The IDWG (kg) and the IDWG% did not differ significantly between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: IDWG is not associated with symptoms of depression or apathy in hemodialysis patients. Thus, these results may question if the use of behavioral intervention aimed at improving motivation is warranted in the hemodialysis population to reduce the IDWG.

PMID:36689088 | DOI:10.1007/s11255-023-03473-9

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