Nevin Manimala Statistics

Determining the spatial contributions of land use changes on the streamflow and sediment transport regimes: a case study of the Gorganroud watershed in Iran

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Jan 26. doi: 10.1007/s11356-023-25478-8. Online ahead of print.


Human activities and climate change are recognized as two of the most important drivers of hydrologic variability and have attracted the interest of researchers over the past decade. Changes in land use, dam construction, agricultural development, and global warming are forces that directly or indirectly impact the global and local hydrologic regime. This study examines the effects of these drivers on streamflow and sediment transport in the Gorganroud watershed, located in the north of Iran. In addition, the most sensitive land use patterns are detected using statistical approaches and a hydrologic model. The current study’s principal argument is based on the variability of land use patterns during the modeling procedure (2007-2019). The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model is used to consider the land use dynamics during the simulation period based on the hydrological regime of the reference period. The Simple Differential Method (SDM) and Climate Elasticity Method (CEM) are utilized to estimate the contribution rates of land use and climate change in streamflow and sediment transport changes. The results indicate that changes in land use have contributed more than 60% to streamflow and sediment regime changes in all subbasins. A sensitivity analysis of land uses and the spatial distribution of the Human Contribution Rate (HCR) over the study area reveal that an increase in orchard land use (8.7% during the computational period) is primarily responsible for these significant changes.

PMID:36697980 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-023-25478-8

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala