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Association between renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade and clinical outcomes in patients with hypertension: real-world observation from a nationwide hypertension cohort

Clin Res Cardiol. 2023 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s00392-023-02179-3. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the use of ACEi, ARB, or non-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (non-RASi) and incident cardiovascular events in an unselected nationwide hypertension cohort.

METHODS: The information regarding 2,025,849 patients who underwent general health checkup between 2010 and 2011 and were on antihypertensive medication was collected. Patients were allocated into ACEi, ARB, and non-RASi groups and followed until 2019. The outcomes of interest were myocardial infarction (MI), ischemic stroke (IS), atrial fibrillation (AF), heart failure (HF), and all-cause deaths.

RESULTS: Patients on ACEi and ARB showed unfavorable baseline characteristics compared to those on non-RASi. After adjusting for covariates, the ACEi group showed lower risks of MI, AF, and all-cause deaths (HR (95% CI): 0.94 (0.89-0.99), 0.96 (0.92-1.00), and 0.93 (0.90-0.96), respectively), but similar risks of IS and HF (0.97 (0.92-1.01) and 1.03 (1.00-1.06), respectively), compared to the non-RASi group. Likewise, the ARB group showed decreased risks of MI, IS, AF, HF, and all-cause deaths (HR (95% CI): 0.93 (0.91-0.95), 0.88 (0.86-0.90), 0.86 (0.85-0.88), 0.94 (0.93-0.96), and 0.84 (0.83-0.85)), compared to the non-RASi group. Sensitivity analysis of patients taking a single antihypertensive medication showed similar results. In the propensity score matching (PSM) cohort, the ARB group showed similar risks of MI and decreased risks of IS, AF, HF, and all-cause deaths compared to the ACEi group.

CONCLUSIONS: ACEi and ARB users were associated with decreased risks of MI, IS, AF, HF, and all-cause deaths, compared to non-RASi users.

PMID:36867200 | DOI:10.1007/s00392-023-02179-3

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