Nevin Manimala Statistics

Parametric and Semiparametric Approaches to Analyzing Device-Based Measures of Energy Expenditure in Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2023 Feb 20;28(2):30. doi: 10.31083/j.fbl2802030.


BACKGROUND: Obesity results from a chronic imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Total energy expenditure for all physiological functions combined can be measured approximately by calorimeters. These devices assess energy expenditure frequently (e.g., in 60-second epochs), resulting in massive complex data that are nonlinear functions of time. To reduce the prevalence of obesity, researchers often design targeted therapeutic interventions to increase daily energy expenditure.

METHODS: We analyzed previously collected data on the effects of oral interferon tau supplementation on energy expenditure, as assessed with indirect calorimeters, in an animal model for obesity and type 2 diabetes (Zucker diabetic fatty rats). In our statistical analyses, we compared parametric polynomial mixed effects models and more flexible semiparametric models involving spline regression.

RESULTS: We found no effect of interferon tau dose (0 vs. 4 μg/kg body weight/day) on energy expenditure. The B-spline semiparametric model of untransformed energy expenditure with a quadratic term for time performed best in terms of the Akaike information criterion value.

CONCLUSIONS: To analyze the effects of interventions on energy expenditure assessed with devices that collect data at frequent intervals, we recommend first summarizing the high dimensional data into epochs of 30 to 60 minutes to reduce noise. We also recommend flexible modeling approaches to account for the nonlinear patterns in such high dimensional functional data. We provide freely available R codes in GitHub.

PMID:36866554 | DOI:10.31083/j.fbl2802030

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