Biochem Genet. 2023 Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s10528-023-10347-3. Online ahead of print.
Autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) population data collected from a well characterized population are needed to correctly assigning the weight of DNA profiles in the courtroom and widely used for ancestral analyses. In this study, allele frequencies for the 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the AmpFlSTR® Identifiler® plus kit (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, VWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818, FGA) were obtained by genotyping 332 unrelated individuals of Ghanaian origin. Statistical tests on STR genotype data showed no significant departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). The overall match probability, combined power of exclusion and combined power of discrimination for these loci were 1 in 3.85 × 1017, 0.99999893 and 0.99999998, respectively. Polymorphic information content (PIC) greater than 0.70 was observed for all loci except TH01 and D13S317. These statistical parameters confirm that this combination of loci is valuable for forensic identification and parentage analysis. Our results were also compared with those for 20 other human populations analyzed for the same set of markers. We observed that the Ghanaian population grouped with other African populations in two-dimensional principal coordinate (PCO) and a neighbor-joining (N-J) data mapping and placed closest to Nigerians. This observation reflects cultural similarities and geographical factors, coupled with the long history of migration and trading activities between Ghana and Nigeria. Our report provides what we believe to be the first published autosomal STR data for the general Ghanaian population using 15 loci genotyped using the AmpFlSTR® Identifiler® plus kit methodology. Our data show that the loci tested have sufficient power to be used reliably for DNA profiling in forensic casework and help to elucidate the genetic history of people living in the country.