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Experimental study on evaluation and optimization of heavy metals adsorption on a novel amidoximated silane functionalized Luffa cylindrica

Sci Rep. 2023 Mar 4;13(1):3670. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-30634-8.


This study aimed to synthesize an amidoximated Luffa cylindrica (AO-LC) bioadsorbent, and evaluate its efficiency in the adsorption of heavy metals from the aqueous solutions. For this purpose, NaOH solution was used to alkaline treatment of Luffa cylindrica (LC) fibers. The silane modification of LC was performed using 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (MPS). Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/LC biocomposite (PAN-LC) was synthesized by PAN grafting onto the MPS-modified LC (MPS-LC). Finally, the AO-LC was obtained by the amidoximation of PAN-LC. The chemical structures, morphology, and thermal properties of biocomposites were characterized by the infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The results showed a successful grafting of MPS and PAN on the surface of LC. The order of heavy metals adsorption on AO-LC was: Pb2+ > Ag+ > Cu2+ > Cd2+ > Co2+ > Ni2+. The effects of operational parameters on the Pb2+ adsorption were studied using Taguchi experimental design method. Statistical analysis of the results showed that the initial Pb2+ concentration and the bioadsorbent dosage significantly affect the adsorption efficiency. The adsorption capacity and removal percentage of Pb2+ ions were obtained as 18.88 mg/g and 99.07%, respectively. The Langmuir isotherm and Pseudo-second order kinetics models were found to be better compatible with experimental data as a consequence of the isotherm and kinetics analysis.

PMID:36871018 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-30634-8

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