Int Ophthalmol. 2023 Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s10792-023-02653-x. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: To investigate microcirculation characteristics of the inner retinal layers at the macula and the peripapillary area using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) of patients in early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD).
METHODS: 32 PD patients and 46 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were included in this cross sectional study. OCT-A imaging was performed to analyze microcirculation characteristics at each separate macular region (fovea, parafovea, and perifovea) and the peripapillary area of the inner retinal layers.
RESULTS: Individuals with PD had significantly lower parafoveal, perifoveal and total vessel density (VD) in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) than controls (all p < 0.001), while foveal VD was higher in PD eyes than that of controls, though not statistically significant. Similarly, individuals with PD had significantly lower parafoveal, perifoveal and total perfusion in the SCP than control eyes (all p < 0.001), while foveal perfusion was significantly higher in PD eyes than that of controls (p = 0.008). PD eyes had significantly smaller FAZ area and perimeter accompanied by decreased circularity at the SCP as compared to controls (all p < 0.001). Concerning the peripapillary area, individuals with PD had significantly lower radial peripapillary capillary perfusion density and flux index at the SCP than controls (all p < 0.001). All p values remained statistically significant even after using the Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons, except for that of foveal perfusion.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates alterations of the inner retinal layers at the macula and the peripapillary area at the preliminary stages of PD. OCT-A parameters could potentially comprise imaging biomarkers for PD screening and improve the diagnostic algorithms.
PMID:36869977 | DOI:10.1007/s10792-023-02653-x