Eur J Pediatr. 2023 Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s00431-023-04904-6. Online ahead of print.
The aim of this study was to examine trends in serum uric acid (SUA) levels over a recent 5-year period according to age, sex, obesity, and abdominal obesity among Korean children and adolescents. We conducted a serial cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from 2016 to 2020. The study outcome was trends in SUA levels. SUA trends were analyzed by survey-weighted linear regression analysis considering the survey year as a continuous variable. SUA trends were also analyzed for subgroups based on age, sex, abdominal obesity, or obesity. This study included 3,554 children and adolescents aged 10-18 years. SUA increased significantly over the study period in boys (p for trend = 0.043), but not in girls (p for trend = 0.300). In age-specific analyses, SUA increased significantly in the 10-12 years group (p for trend = 0.029). After adjusting for age, SUA increased significantly in the obese group of both boys (p for trend = 0.026) and girls (p for trend = 0.023), but not in the overweight, normal, or under-weight groups of either sex. After adjusting for age, SUA increased significantly in the abdominal obesity group of boys (p for trend = 0.017) and girls (p for trend = 0.014), but not in the non-abdominal obesity group of either sex. Conclusion: In the current study, SUA levels significantly increased in both boys and girls with obesity or abdominal obesity. Further studies of the effect of SUA on health outcomes in boys and girls with obesity or abdominal obesity are needed. What is Known: • High serum uric acid (SUA) is a risk factor for various metabolic diseases, including gout, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. What is New: • SUA levels increased in boys and the 10-12 years group of Korean children and adolescents. • SUA levels increased significantly in Korean children and adolescents with obesity or central obesity.