Br J Cancer. 2023 Mar 4. doi: 10.1038/s41416-023-02212-2. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: This open-label, multicentre, phase II/III trial assessed the noninferiority of trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) plus bevacizumab vs. fluoropyrimidine and irinotecan plus bevacizumab (control) as second-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
METHODS: Patients were randomised (1:1) to receive FTD/TPI (35 mg/m2 twice daily, days 1-5 and days 8-12, 28-day cycle) plus bevacizumab (5 mg/kg, days 1 and 15) or control. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The noninferiority margin of the hazard ratio (HR) was set to 1.33.
RESULTS: Overall, 397 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. Median OS was 14.8 vs. 18.1 months (FTD/TPI plus bevacizumab vs. control; HR 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.99-1.93; Pnoninferiority = 0.5920). In patients with a baseline sum of the diameter of target lesions of <60 mm (n = 216, post hoc analyses), the adjusted median OS was similar between groups (FTD/TPI plus bevacizumab vs. control, 21.4 vs. 20.7 months; HR 0.92; 95% CI 0.55-1.55). Grade ≥3 adverse events (FTD/TPI plus bevacizumab vs. control) included neutropenia (65.8% vs. 41.6%) and diarrhoea (1.5% vs. 7.1%).
CONCLUSIONS: FTD/TPI plus bevacizumab did not demonstrate noninferiority to fluoropyrimidine and irinotecan plus bevacizumab as second-line treatment for mCRC.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: JapicCTI-173618, jRCTs031180122.