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Comparison of 3 CT Perfusion Software Packages in Estimation of Ischemic Lesions in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2023 Mar 4. doi: 10.1097/RCT.0000000000001421. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare 3 computed tomography perfusion (CTP) software packages in the estimation of infarct core volumes, hypoperfusion volumes, and mismatch volumes.

METHODS: Forty-three patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation who underwent CTP imaging were postprocessed by 3 software packages: RAPID, advantage workstation (AW), and NovoStroke Kit (NSK). Infarct core volumes and hypoperfusion volumes were generated by RAPID with default settings. The AW and NSK threshold settings were the following: infarct core (cerebral blood flow [CBF] <8 mL/min/100 g, CBF <10 mL/min/100 g, CBF <12 mL/min/100 g, and cerebral blood volume [CBV] <1 mL/100 g) and hypoperfusion (Tmax >6 seconds). Mismatch volumes were then obtained for all the combinations of the settings. Bland-Altman, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Spearman ρ or Pearson correlation coefficient were applied for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: In the estimation of infarct core volumes, good agreement was observed between AW and RAPID when CBV <1 mL/100 g (ICC, 0.767; P < 0.001). For hypoperfusion volumes, good agreement (ICC, 0.811; P < 0.001) and strong correlation (r = 0.856; P < 0.001) were observed between NSK and RAPID. For mismatch volumes, the setting of CBF <10 mL/min/100 g combined with hypoperfusion with NSK resulted in moderate agreement (ICC, 0.699; P < 0.001) with RAPID, which was the best among all other settings.

CONCLUSIONS: The estimation results varied among different software packages. Advantage workstation had the best agreement with RAPID in the estimation of infarct core volumes when CBV <1 mL/100 g. NovoStroke Kit had better agreement and correlation with RAPID in the estimation of hypoperfusion volumes. NovoStroke Kit also had moderate agreement with RAPID in estimating mismatch volumes.

PMID:36877792 | DOI:10.1097/RCT.0000000000001421

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