Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2023 Mar 7. doi: 10.1002/cpdd.1232. Online ahead of print.
In the 10-week, phase 2 CLARITY study of patients with major depressive disorder, adjunctive therapy to antidepressants with pimavanserin 34 mg once daily statistically significantly improved the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) total score (primary endpoint) and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) score (secondary endpoint) versus placebo. This analysis characterized the exposure-response (E-R) relationships of pimavanserin in this CLARITY patient population. Exposure measures were estimated for each patient based on population-pharmacokinetic empirical Bayesian estimates. E-R models were developed to describe exposure-efficacy (HAMD-17, SDS, and Clinical Global Impression-Improvement [CGI-I] scale) and exposure-safety relationships (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale [KSS], Massachusetts General Hospital Sexual Functioning Inventory [MGH-SFI], and adverse events [AEs] of headache, sedation, and somnolence) relationships. For the primary efficacy endpoint (HAMD-17 scores), a sigmoid maximum-effect model described the time course of response, and a linear function of pimavanserin exposure was statistically significant. HAMD-17 scores decreased steadily over time following placebo and pimavanserin treatment; separation from placebo increased as peak pimavanserin plasma concentration (Cmax ) increased. At median pimavanserin Cmax (34-mg dose), the reduction from baseline in HAMD-17 scores was -11.1 and -13.5 at weeks 5 and 10, respectively. Relative to placebo, the model predicted comparable reductions in HAMD-17 scores at weeks 5 and 10. Similar improvements in favor of pimavanserin were detected with SDS, CGI-I, MGH-SFI, and KSS scores. No E-R relationship was found for AEs. E-R modeling predicted a relationship between higher pimavanserin exposure and improvement in HAMD-17 score and improvement across multiple secondary efficacy endpoints.