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Safety and Efficacy of Carbon Nanoparticle-Labeled Lymph Node Dissection in Radical Resection of Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2023 Jan-Dec;22:15330338231154094. doi: 10.1177/15330338231154094.


Objective: In this meta-analysis, we investigated the safety and efficacy of carbon nanoparticle (CNP) trace-guided lymph node (LN) dissection during radical gastrectomy. Methods: Literature on CNP tracing compared with non-CNP tracing in radical gastric cancer (GC) surgery was searched from PubMed, EMBASE (Ovid platform), Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library from the establishment of the library until October 2022. This meta-analysis was performed according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines. Available data regarding the number of LNs dissected, number of metastatic LNs dissected, other surgical outcomes, and postoperative complications were analyzed in a pooled manner. Stata software (version 12.0) was used for the present meta-analysis. Results: This analysis included 7 studies with a total of 1827 GC patients (551 and 1276 in the CNP and non-CNP groups, respectively). The results of the meta-analysis showed that the CNP group had more intraoperative LNs detected [weighted mean difference (WMD) = 6.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.71-9.62], more LN metastases (WMD = 1.60, 95% CI: 0.09-3.12), and less intraoperative bleeding (WMD = 11.33, 95% CI: 6.30-16.37) than the non-CNP group, all with statistically significant differences (P < .05). For postoperative complications (odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.52-1.48) and operative time (WMD = -11.60, 95% CI: -40.53-17.34), there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: CNP was a significant tracer for the LNs of GC. It increased the number of LNs harvested while reducing intraoperative blood loss, without increasing the operative time or postoperative complications. CNP tracer-guided lymphadenectomy is considered safe and effective for gastrectomy.

PMID:36877933 | DOI:10.1177/15330338231154094

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