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Does design change in total knee arthroplasty implants affect patient-reported outcomes?

BMC Surg. 2023 Mar 7;23(1):49. doi: 10.1186/s12893-023-01948-1.


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the early results of patient-reported outcomes between two generations of a total knee system.

METHODS: Between June 2018 and April 2020, 121 first-generation, cemented TKAs (89 patients) and 123 s-generation, cemented TKAs (98 patients) were performed by a single surgeon. Demographic and surgical data were collected from all patients. Starting at the 6-month follow-up, patient-reported outcome measures Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Joint Reconstruction (KOOS-JR) and Knee Society (KS) clinical and radiographic scores were prospectively recorded. This study represents a retrospective review of these prospectively collected data.

RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of demographic variables such as age, body mass index, gender and race. KOOS-JR and Knee Society (KS) scores improved significantly (p < 0.001) from their preoperative values in both device generations. There were no differences, pre-operatively, between the two groups in terms of KOOS-JR, KS functional, KS objective, patient satisfaction, and expectation scores; however, there were statistically significant (p < 0.001) lower values of KOOS-JR and KS functional scores for first versus second generation at 6 months (81 vs. 89 and 69 vs. 74, respectively).

CONCLUSION: While significant improvement in KS objective, subjective, and patient satisfaction scores were noted with both knee systems, KOOS-JR and KS function scores were significantly higher at the early (6-month) follow-up in the second-generation group. Patients responded acutely to the design change as evidenced by significantly improved patient-reported outcome scores for the second generation.

PMID:36882774 | DOI:10.1186/s12893-023-01948-1

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