J Hypertens. 2023 Mar 2. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000003394. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: To explore the predictive value of liver fibrosis scores [fibrosis-4, AST/platelet ratio index, BAAT score (BMI Age ALT TG), and BARD score (BMI AST/ALT Ratio Diabetes)] for the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a hypertensive population.
METHODS: A total of 4164 hypertensive participants without history of CVD were enrolled in the follow-up. Four liver fibrosis scores (LFSs) were used, including the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), APRI, BAAT score, and BARD score. The endpoint was CVD incidence which was defined as stroke or coronary heart disease (CHD) during the follow-up period. Cox regression analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios between LFSs and CVD. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to show the probability of CVD in different levels of LFSs. Restricted cubic spline further explored whether the relationship between LFSs and CVD was linear. Finally, we assessed the discriminatory ability of each LFS for CVD was assessed using C-statistics, net reclassification index (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).
RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 4.66 years, 282 hypertensive participants had CVD. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that four LFSs were associated with CVD and high levels of LFSs significantly increase the probability of CVD in hypertensive population. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios for four LFSs were 3.13 in FIB-4, 1.66 in APRI, 1.47 in BAAT score, and 1.36 in BARD score. Moreover, after adding LFSs to original risk prediction model, we find that all four new models have higher C-statistics of CVD than the traditional model. Furthermore, the results of both NRI and IDI were positive, indicating that LFSs enhanced the effect on the prediction of CVD.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that LFSs were associated with CVD in hypertensive populations in northeastern China. Furthermore, it suggested that LFSs could be a new tool for identifying patients at high risk of primary CVD in a hypertensive population.