Nevin Manimala Statistics

Evaluation of early arterial wall lesions by elastography parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats

BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2023 Mar 8;23(1):123. doi: 10.1186/s12872-023-03135-9.


BACKGROUND: Arterialsclerosis caused by hypertension can lead to many complications, such as heart attack, stroke and so on. Early diagnosis and treatment of arterialsclerosis can prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and improve the prognosis. The present study aimed to explore the value of ultrasonography in evaluating the early lesion of the local arterial wall in hypertensive rats and identify useful elastography parameters.

METHODS: A total of 24 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), 10-, 20-, 30-, and 40-weeks-old, were used in this study, with 6 rats in each group. Blood pressure was recorded using the Animal Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurement System (Kent company, model CODA, USA), and the local elasticity of the abdominal aorta of rats was measured using a ultrasound diagnostic instrument (VINNO, Suzhou city, China). According to the histopathological results, SHR were divided into two groups: the normal arterial elasticity and the early arterial wall lesions. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences in elastic parameters and influencing factors between the above two groups, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze and judge the value of each elastic parameter in evaluating early arterial lesions.

RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were divided into two groups: 14 in the normal arterial elasticity and 8 in the early arterial wall lesions. The differences in age, blood pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV), compliance coefficient (CC), distensibility coefficient (DC), and elasticity parameter (EP) between the two groups were compared. The differences in PWV, CC, DC and EP were statistically significant. Subsequently, the ROC curve analysis was performed for the above four evaluation indexes of arterial elasticity; the results were as follows: the area under the curve of PWV, CC, DC, and EP was 0.946, 0.781, 0.946, and 0.911, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Early arterial wall lesions can be evaluated by ultrasound measurement of local PWV. PWV and DC can accurately evaluate the early arterial wall lesions in SHR, and the combined application of the two can improve the sensitivity and specificity of the approach.

PMID:36890456 | DOI:10.1186/s12872-023-03135-9

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala