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Metabolic syndrome after liver transplant in patients at the specialized Center San Vicente Fundación, Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia, 2013-2017

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2022 Oct-Dec;39(4):474-479. doi: 10.17843/rpmesp.2022.394.11992. Epub 2023 Mar 6.


Motivation for the study: there is a lack of studies in Latin America on the frequency of metabolic syndrome in patients who receive liver transplants. Main findings: two-thirds (66%) of patients who received liver transplantation between 2013 and 2017 at the Specialized Center San Vicente Fundación de Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia, subsequently presented metabolic syndrome. Implications: this study confirms that liver transplant recipients very frequently develop metabolic syndrome; however, the frequency found by this study (66%) was almost double that reported in other regions of the world, suggesting that patients from the Specialized Center San Vicente Fundación de Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia, may present some additional condition. The medical records of all liver transplant patients attended at the Centro Especializado San Vicente Fundación between January 2013 and June 2017 were reviewed in order to determine the frequency of post-transplant metabolic syndrome (MS). We collected sociodemographic data, pathological history, toxicological history, complications, and ATP III criteria in a validated instrument. The statistical analysis was carried out with OpenEpi 3.01; p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Of the 102 reviewed medical records, 73 met the inclusion criteria (no MS diagnosis prior to transplant and complete information for the instru-ment) and were analyzed. Most patients were male (59%), older adults (64%) and married (62%). The frequency of MS after liver transplant was 66%. The association between MS and history of hypertension and diabetes was significant. We confirmed that MS is a frequent complication in liver transplant recipients and that history of hypertension and diabetes are the most frequent associated factors.

PMID:36888811 | DOI:10.17843/rpmesp.2022.394.11992

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