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Progress in comprehensive utilization of electrolytic manganese residue: a review

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Mar 8. doi: 10.1007/s11356-023-26156-5. Online ahead of print.


Electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) is a solid waste produced in the process of electrolytic manganese metal (EMM) production. In recent years, the accumulation of EMR has caused increasingly serious environmental problems. To better understand the state of EMR recycling in recent years, this paper used a comprehensive literature database to conduct a statistical analysis of EMR-related publications from 2010 to 2022 from two perspectives: harmless green treatment and resource utilization. The results showed that the research on the comprehensive utilization of EMR mainly focused on the fields of chemical hazard-free treatment and manufacturing building materials. The related studies of EMR in the fields of biological harmlessness, applied electric field harmlessness, manganese series materials, adsorbents, geopolymers, glass-ceramics, catalysts, and agriculture were also reported. Finally, we put forward some suggestions to solve the EMR problem, hoping that this work could provide a reference for the clean disposal and efficient utilization of EMR.

PMID:36884169 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-023-26156-5

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