Sensors (Basel). 2023 Feb 24;23(5):2550. doi: 10.3390/s23052550.
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radars enable better estimation accuracy with improved resolution in contrast to traditional radar systems; thus, this field has attracted attention in recent years from researchers, funding agencies, and practitioners. The objective of this work is to estimate the direction of arrival of targets for co-located MIMO radars by proposing a novel approach called flower pollination. This approach is simple in concept, easy to implement and has the capability of solving complex optimization problems. The received data from the far field located targets are initially passed through the matched filter to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio, and then the fitness function is optimized by incorporating the concept of virtual or extended array manifold vectors of the system. The proposed approach outperforms other algorithms mentioned in the literature by utilizing statistical tools for fitness, root mean square error, cumulative distribution function, histograms, and box plots.