Nevin Manimala Statistics

Foot health and quality of life among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

J Orthop Surg Res. 2023 Mar 11;18(1):192. doi: 10.1186/s13018-023-03677-w.


BACKGROUND: Foot conditions are frequent among the Saudi population. However, little is known regarding the effects of foot health on quality of life among the general Saudi population. This study aimed to assess foot health status, general health, and quality of life among the population of Riyadh using the Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ).

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, out of the total number of participants approached, using a preset questionnaire, by trained medical students to participate in this study, 398 met the inclusion criteria. The questionnaire started with an informed consent followed by a set of questions regarding the sociodemographic and past medical characteristics of the participants. Foot health and overall health were assessed using a FHSQ.

RESULTS: A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between all the FHSQ domains, except for footwear. The strongest correlation was observed between foot pain and foot function, foot pain and general foot health, and foot function and general foot health. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between general foot health and general health, vitality, social function. Our results also showed that foot pain, general foot health, vitality, and social function scores were significantly lower in women as compared to men.

CONCLUSION: Significant positive correlation was observed between poor foot health and declining quality of life; thus, it is crucial to increase society’s awareness of the importance of medical foot care and continuous follow-up and consequences if left unrecognized and untreated. This is a major domain that can improve the well-being and quality of life of a population.

PMID:36906573 | DOI:10.1186/s13018-023-03677-w

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala