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Assessment of quality of life and self-esteem in male patients with androgenetic alopecia before and after hair transplantation

J Cosmet Dermatol. 2023 Mar 13. doi: 10.1111/jocd.15716. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Patients with androgenetic alopecia experience a significant decrease in self-esteem and quality of life. There are several methods by which these factors may be improved.

AIMS: Determining whether patients feel better about themselves with a better quality of life after undergoing hair transplant procedure.

PATIENTS/METHODS: 35 people were chosen from Jordan Skin and Hair Clinic in Tehran, Iran. Following hair transplant, follow-up subjects had their quality of life and level of self-esteem assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), respectively. The means of quantitative results were compared using paired T-test. The chi-square test was done to compare preoperative and postoperative characteristics qualitatively. Differences were regarded significant if p < 0.05. Analysis of covariance was applied to evaluate the effect of marital status and educational level on outcome variables (ANCOVA).

RESULTS: Our findings showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001) between pre- and post-operative hair transplantation for quality of life, and mean score increased to 2.17. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups, with an average self-esteem score on RSES rising to 5.35 (p < 0.001). A statistically significant link between educational achievement and quality of life was found (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: This study found postoperative psychological aspects of AGA patients significantly improve than preoperative. Our results show that there is a statistically significant difference between the self-esteem and quality of life of AGA patients before and after hair restoration surgery.

PMID:36912697 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.15716

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