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Monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio predicts clinical outcomes after acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack

CNS Neurosci Ther. 2023 Mar 13. doi: 10.1111/cns.14152. Online ahead of print.


AIMS: The monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) has emerged as a novel inflammatory biomarker of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. However, it has not yet been identified whether MHR can predict the long-term prognosis of ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the associations of MHR levels with clinical outcomes in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) at 3 months and 1 year.

METHODS: We derived data from the Third China National Stroke Registry (CNSR-III). Enrolled patients were divided into four groups by quartiles of MHR. Multivariable Cox regression for all-cause death and stroke recurrence and logistic regression for the poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 3-6) were used.

RESULTS: Among 13,865 enrolled patients, the median MHR was 0.39 (interquartile range, 0.27-0.53). After adjustment for conventional confounding factors, the MHR level in quartile 4 was associated with an increased risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-1.90), and poor functional outcome (odd ratio [OR], 1.47; 95% CI, 1.22-1.76), but not with stroke recurrence (HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.85-1.21) at 1 year follow-up, compared with MHR level in quartile 1. Similar results were observed for outcomes at 3 months. The addition of MHR to a basic model including conventional factors improved predictive ability for all-cause death and poor functional outcome validated by the C-statistic and net reclassification index (all p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Elevated MHR can independently predict all-cause death and poor functional outcome in patients with ischemic stroke or TIA.

PMID:36914580 | DOI:10.1111/cns.14152

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