J Foot Ankle Surg. 2023 Feb 18:S1067-2516(23)00030-3. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2023.02.007. Online ahead of print.
There is no gold standard in the treatment of hallux valgus deformity. The purpose of our study was to compare various aspects of radiographic assessment following scarf and chevron osteotomies and try to determine which technique helps achieve a more pronounced intermetatarsal angle (IMA) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) correction and produces lower rates of complications, including adjacent-joint arthritis. This study included patients who underwent hallux valgus correction with the scarf (n = 32) or chevron (n = 181) method with a follow-up period of over 3 years. We evaluated the following parameters: HVA, IMA, duration of hospital stay, complications, development of adjacent-joint arthritis. The scarf technique helped achieve a mean HVA and IMA correction of 18.3° and 3.6°, respectively, and the chevron technique helped achieve a mean correction of 13.1° and 3.7°, respectively. The achieved deformity correction in terms of both the HVA and IMA was statistically significant in both patient groups. The loss of correction assessed with the HVA was statistically significant only in the chevron group. Neither group showed a statistically significant loss of IMA correction. The duration of hospital stay, reoperation rates, and fixation instability rates were comparable in the 2 groups. Neither of the evaluated methods caused a significant increase in total arthritis scores in the evaluated joints. Our study showed good outcomes of hallux valgus deformity correction in both evaluated groups; however, scarf osteotomy yielded somewhat better radiographic outcomes in HVA correction and no loss of HVA correction at 3.5 years of follow-up.