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A Turkish Study to Identify the Discharge Learning Needs of Spinal Surgery Patients

J Neurosci Nurs. 2023 Mar 14. doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000702. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the learning needs of spinal surgery patients before hospital discharge. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 117 spinal surgery patients admitted to the neurosurgery department between October 2019 and March 2020. Data were collected using a descriptive information form, visual analog scale, and the Patient Learning Needs Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 54 years, 54.7% were male, and 59% underwent surgery because of spinal disc herniation. The mean Patient Learning Needs Scale score was 188.74. The primary learning needs of the patients were related to the dimensions of activities of living, medication, treatment, and complications, whereas the feelings related to condition were the least-demanded dimension of learning needs. Sex and occupation were the primary factors influencing learning needs. CONCLUSION: The level of learning needs in spinal surgery patients was relatively high. Therefore, discharge education may be planned in line with the learning needs and priorities of these patients, and sex and occupation may be considered while planning discharge education.

PMID:36917823 | DOI:10.1097/JNN.0000000000000702

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