Orthod Craniofac Res. 2023 Mar 15. doi: 10.1111/ocr.12654. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the duration and age at the beginning of each stage corresponding to the circumpubertal period in the Middle Phalanx Maturation method (MPM) and to assess the differences between males and females.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sets of x-rays of the middle phalanx of the third finger taken at 6-month intervals were analyzed for 246 skeletal Class I subjects (102 females and 144 males) between 9 and 15 years of age. After staging, the duration of each stage was derived from chronological ages, and the difference between males and females for both duration and age at the beginning of each stage was investigated.
RESULTS: The median duration for MPS2 and MPS3 was 1 year for both sexes, while MPS4 showed a median duration of 1 year in females and 9 months in males, with no significant differences between the sexes. Mean age at the beginning of MPS2 was 10y11m for females and 11y11m for males; for MPS3 it was 11y8m for females and 13y1m for males; for MPS4 it was 12y9m for females and 13y11m for males; for MPS5 it was 13y4m for females and 14y3m for males. The differences between the sexes were statistically significant for all the stages (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms, with a relevant sample size, the median duration of 1 year for each MPM stage from MPS2 to MPS4. Despite the distinctive interindividual variability, the interquartile range is 6 months or less for all but one interval, confirming the soundness of results.